Jump to content

Dup Nero - Macellum


NERO. Æ Dupondius. Lugdunum (Lyon), 64 AD. Obv. NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER PM TRP IMP PP, radiated head left, globe at point of bust Rev. MAC AVG SC Facade of the Macellum Magnum: statue standing facing on base within cylindrical tetrastyle entrance set on tiered base, upper tristyle story surmounted by ornate conical dome; two-story tristyle porch on either side. RIC 374; Cohen 127 Macellum Magnum: the market house on the Caelian (Not. Reg. II; CIL VI.1648, 9183) which Nero built and dedicated in 59 A.D. (Cass. Dio LXII.18), perhaps on the site of the present church of S. Stefano Rotondo. It is represented on coins of the period (Cohen, Nero 126‑130; BM. Nero 191‑197, 335‑337) as a circular building of two stories, with a central tholos or domed structure surrounded by colonnades. This is generally thought to have been destroyed at some later date and rebuilt at the end of the fourth century for public use, perhaps again as a market.1 It was transformed into the church of S. Stefano by Pope Simplicius (468‑482), and restored with various changes by Theodore I (642‑649) and Nicolas V (1453). Of the building of Nero the only remaining portions are the travertine foundations, part of the enclosure wall, and eight pilasters of the outer colonnade, but the fourth century structure was built on the original foundations and appears to have preserved in general the form of the original. It consisted of a two-storied circular colonnade, of twenty-two columns, which supported a domed roof. This was surrounded by an outer concentric colonnade of thirty-six columns, also two stories high. Outside of this was an ambulatory 10 metres wide, divided into eight segments by rows of columns (JRS 1919, 179). The alternate segments had no outer wall and therefore resembled open courts. The original circular building of Nero was enclosed by a rectangular porticus,2 containing shops, of which remains were perhaps still to be seen in the sixteenth century [A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome] See an hypothetical reconstruction of the building here: (from http://www.romanoimpero.com/2011/11/i-mercati-romani.html ) [IMG]http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-kHCwOWNz91M/Ts0wcfzbtHI/AAAAAAAAIPc/o9O2NQVuwu0/s1600/macellum+magnum.jpg[/IMG]

From the album:


· 12 images
  • 12 images
  • 9 image comments

Photo Information

Recommended Comments

Please sign in to comment

You will be able to leave a comment after signing in

Sign In Now
  • Create New...