On this day in 1567, the Casket letters were found in a casket in the possession of James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell. They were eight letters and sonnets said to have been written by Mary, Queen of Scots, to Bothwell in 1567. The letters were used as evidence to prove that the Queen had plotted with Bothwell to murder her husband, Lord Darnley.
A few months after Lord Darnley died in mysterious circumstances, Mary married the Earl of Bothwell, who became the mai
On this day in 1658, the Battle of the Dunes, also known as the Siege of Dunkirk, took place. The Battle was a siege carried out by France and England to take the city of Dunkirk, Spain's greatest privateer base. The victory led to the surrender of the city by Spain and eventually to the conclusion of the Franco-Spanish war with the Peace of the Pyrenees (1659).
The battle occurred while the French, who were under the command of Vicomte Turenne, carried out a siege of Dunkirk.
On this day in 1494, the kingdoms of Spain and Portugal signed the Treaty of Tordesillas, an agreement that divided the territories of the “New World” into two spheres of influence. The consequences of this agreement can still be appreciated nowadays throughout America.
The Leadup to the Treaty
The Treaty of Tordesillas was aimed to solve any kind of dispute that might arise between Portugal and Spain regarding the newly discovered territories in the New World. Before the discovery of
On this day in 1381, the introduction of a poll tax led to the outbreak of the Peasants’ Revolt, also known as the Great Rising. It was a largely unsuccessful uprising that took place in late-medieval England. Even though it failed, it served as proof that peasants could be a potential opposition to the monarchy.
Causes of the Revolt
The Peasants’ Revolt was caused by several factors that led to social unrest. To begin with, the Black Death, a pandemic ocurring in Europe from 1346 to 1
On this day in 1819 Queen Victoria (1819-1901) was born in Kensington Palace. She was the last monarch of the House of Hanover and ruled for 63 years. Her reign, which is known as the Victorian Era, was a period of great industrial, scientific, social and political development. This era is also considered the gilded age of the British Empire.
Early Years and Ascension to the Throne
Queen Victoria was born on May 24, 1819. Her father, Prince Edward, the Duke of Kent, was the fourth son