AR Ti. Veturius Denarius 137 B.C. (3.96g)
O: Helmeted and draped beardless bust of Mars right, TI VET (ligate) behind; Crawford 234/1, Syd 527.
R: Youth kneeling l., between two warriors who touch with their swords a sow which he holds; ROMA in ex.
G: Lustrous metal and exceptional detail almost never encountered on this issue. FDC
S: Roma Numismatics 4/30/10
The Veturia gens was one of the most ancient of Rome. It was patrician and plebeian, and is said to have been of Sabine origin. According to tradition one member of this family, Mamurius Veturius, lived in the time of King Numa and was the armourer who made the eleven ancilia, or sacred shields, like the one sent from heaven that stayed a deadly plague that was then devastating the city.
The reverse type represents the mode of forging an alliance amongst the inhabitants of the Italian states, by which the leaders of two peoples would take their stand, fully armed beside the altar of Jupiter and having sacrificed a sow, ratified a solemn treaty, and may refer to an ancestor who took an active part in the close of the Third Samnite War in 290 BC. The same design was used on gold coinage during the Second Punic War during the darkest days of Rome’s struggle against Hannibal, imploring her allies to remain faithful to their oaths of allegiance. The type was used once again, and for the last time, on coinage struck during the Social War of 90-81 BC.